We can recognize an Indian as a Literate, or as an Illiterate. A Literate can further be classified as an absolute Literate, or a fractional Literate. An absolute Literate can either be Arts, Science, or a Commerce Literate. A science Literate may have pursued MBBS or Bachelor of Technology. Do we at all need any revisions in such classifications? Administrated by the Central, State, or Local Authority, the educational module of the nation seeks urgent reforms. Let’s start from the beginning. The 2011 survey holds that the National Literacy Rate in India is around 74 percent. Let me also make you aware that as per the Census ‘any person who is above the age of 7 years, and can read and write in any language is considered to be Literate’. Herein, further distinction can be made with respect to the level of literacy in males and females. While almost 65 percent of the females are held to be literate, 82 percent of males fall in this category. The foremost concern can uncomplicatedly be uncovered- Empowerment of girls.
The Right to Education Act was expected to bring in the much-awaited reforms. Not much, however, seems to be achieved. Though we can discuss the statistics, let me focus on the answers rather. Do we all know what the Right to Education Act says? Does a child know his fundamental rights and privileges? Do we know whom to approach in case these rights are infringed? ‘Awareness’ thus can change many lives and thus the numbers. Ground-level reforms are necessary to help parents and children know their fundamental rights. It is considerable to note the fact that the augmentation in the number of schools run by the State/ Central Government is way less than the boost in population. Construction of state-of-the art schools and proficient management is definitely the need of the hour. Incidences, when students walking miles barefoot so as to arrive at the place of education witness the absence of teachers, are not rare. Lack of drinking water, sanitation, nutritious meals, and the passion to teach are the foremost hindrances. The Government must endeavor to provide free of cost basic facilities viz. bags, books, uniform, food, drinking water, and adequate infrastructure. Stricter regulations and penalties will ensure apt attendance of the teachers.
The structure of education too demands revisions. Incidences when a child considers his educational Board/ University superior to the other are common. Common educational methodology can be an answer to this. By this I mean, the pattern of teaching, syllabus, and grading should be universal. However, studying of local history and language can be added to the syllabus. Why does it become challenging for a student to pursue his interest in photography while studying science at college level? Why is there a compulsion to opt for either science or commerce at the Senior Secondary level? Shouldn’t an IT professional be aware about the market trend? Questions are many. The Authorities need to make a sincere attempt in drafting a revised study curriculum that serves the purpose of education. Social, political, scientific, and economical awareness must be ensured at every level of academics. Plus, attention must be paid with respect to uplifting arts, sports, culture, and literature. For ensuring that exceptional talent is acknowledged, students must be allowed to opt for extra-curricular activities without any restrains. Inventions and global recognitions can be witnessed when the upcoming scientists and entrepreneurs are delivered with a platform to spread their wings beyond boundaries.