A Stable Government and Coalition Politics

Regional parties which stand absolutely no chance of forming a government at the Centre or in a State on their own strength, are much too happy to join sides with big parties in the fight so as to be able to share a piece of power after a collective victory. Coalition politics is all about fighting for and the sharing of power.

Is coalition politics here to stay? The answer seems to be in the affirmative, given the developments of the recent past in the political arena. Ground realities and pragmatic considerations make the fight for the numbers at the hustings ruthless. The stakes are too high for anyone to ignore. Victory becomes an absolute necessity for the participants in an election, both for the capturing of power and, very often, political survival. No matter how big a party or how wide its reach, the compulsions of Realpolitik call for the supplementing of the party’s national appeal with a shot of pizzazz peculiar to a certain region or local community, found aplenty in the state-level or smaller parties.

Level Playing Ground

It is a rare occurrence these days when two major parties are pitted against each other in a poll, be it for the Parliament or the state assemblies. Small regional parties which stand absolutely no chance of forming a government at the Centre or in a State on their own strength, are much too happy to join sides with big parties in the fight so as to be able to share a piece of power after a collective victory. It may, therefore, be stated that coalition politics is all about fighting for and the sharing of power. It affords a level playing ground to all the parties, small, big or medium, to come together to form competing blocs, and thereby have an adequate say in the wielding of power, which is no more the monopoly of big parties.

Bickerings Galore

In effect, this sounds too good to be true. However, political parties, big or small, need to have basic ethics which guide them from degenerating into power brokers. When coalition partners have common ethics, they could be counted on by the people, service to whom needs to be the core guiding principle of a government. Much too often, parties that have nothing in common except an unbridled craving for power, forge tie-ups to topple a government already in position or beat a rival alliance that stands in an election for all the right reasons. It is not all that difficult for the people to identify the power mongers or the nation-breakers from the very fact that such an unholy alliance sticks out on account of its lack of homogeneity. It is not only during the negotiations for the formation of the coalition that they quibble over the spoils of the ensuing fight but also throughout the duration of the alliance.

Much to the amusement of the people and scepticism of the political observers, the coalition partners of an unprincipled alliance tend to hark back to the past when they had shared the dubious honour of slinging mud at each other. The approach of the election at hand brings them back to the present, and make them bury the hatchet and gang up against the common enemy. Nothing other than the vanquishing of the common enemy and the capturing of power could be found on their agenda. In the unfortunate instance of their getting the right numbers at the election, they start a fratricidal war among their own alliance partners. The party to emerge as the biggest bloc would then have to tackle some other alliance partner or the other that demands its pound of flesh in the government. This process opens the door for horse trading and related inadmissible practices.

Nevertheless, the most unfortunate fallout of all these shady developments is the failure of the people to recognise the powerbrokers and moneybags at play for who they are and raise their voice in protest. This shortcoming on the part of the public makes it possible for the unprincipled parties and legislators to shed whatever fig leaf of respectability and honour they had been donning and go about unashamedly and flagrantly pursuing their dirty tricks. Repeated occurrences of such sordid developments in some state or the other in a vast country like India where elections to the assemblies are held according to different time schedules and, not infrequently of late, at the Centre too, leave much to be desired for the health of the democratic system.

Coalition Norms and Ethics

It is, therefore, imperative that the dynamics of the coalition politics be reviewed to bolster up the system. The feasibility of the obliging of the alliance partners of a coalition forged before an election to be held honour-bound to a Common Minimum Programme or some such Action Plan is worth a thought. In case of the pulling out of a coalition by an alliance partner after the alliance comes to power, out of peevishness or as a strong arm tactic intended as a threat to topple the government, the Election Commission should consider disqualifying that party from fighting polls for a substantial period of time. It should also not be ridiculously simple for a party to switch sides except for a valid and genuine reason. In short, coalition politics should not be allowed to dwell only on the poll arithmetic of numbers and thereby degenerate and fall into the hands of unprincipled politicians. Nor should peevish coalition partners be allowed to hold a government to ransom by threatening to pull the plug out on it.

The melodrama that accompanied the No Trust Motion introduced by the Telugu Desam Party in the Lok Sabha last year, which miserably failed, as well as the TDP’s withdrawal from the ruling NDA coalition, is a case in point. Apart from causing avoidable pangs of anxiety all around and giving a pathetic opportunity to the government’s bitter rivals to drag the ruling coalition to a virtual street fight, what TDP’s move accomplished was zilch. The Parliament’s precious time could have been prevented from going down the drain. This would have been possible if coalition partners, whether they are on the Treasury benches or in the Opposition, had been made honour-bound by certain basic coalition norms and ethics, enforceable by the Election Commission.

Unity and Stability

Needless to say, it is easier to talk of political parties being made honour-bound to a set of coalition norms and ethics than formulating the means and political will to enforce it. However, the business of governance is by no stretch of the imagination a low hanging fruit. Not being in the category of here-today-gone-tomorrow political imperatives, coalition politics has to be hammered out to evolve into a workable formula capable of providing the nation with a stable government. The alternative would be a lethal dose of political anarchy and administrative chaos. For there is no party in the country today with a pan-Indian appeal. The BJP may yet emerge in the course of the foreseeable future, as the single cohesive party that binds the pockets of ideological isolation like in today’s Southern part of the country, with the mainstream national politics. Until such a positive development dawns on the political horizon, we have to channelise the strengths of coalition politics for the nation’s unity and a stable government.

(The article “A Stable Government and Coalition Politics” is published in ‘Organiser’ )

82 thoughts on “A Stable Government and Coalition Politics

  1. Darshil Vyas

    Take a look at market sentiments. Now that everyone knows that Modi government will win yet another landslide victory in 2019, share markets are seeing positive sentiments. FIIs are back to India.

    Reply
  2. Ashish jain

    What is the agenda of coalition government? What is their ideology? Left, right or centre? Are they capitalist or socialist. No one knows. But yes one thing is common- the greed to be in power.

    Reply
  3. Gurpreet Singh

    If BJP wins another term in 2019 elections, Modi will go down in history as a leader who stood against all odds and yet won the mandate. BJP fought in his name and any win must be attributed to his leadership.

    Reply
  4. Mahesh Bhoi

    People will not reject opposition only because the present government could deliver on promises but also because the only goal of opposition was to defeat the incumbent. What about governance?

    Reply
  5. Namit Nath

    Even in opposition parties there is no unanimous approach over a range of issues. Yes, every player wasnts a ministerial berth and a piece in power. They will rule at the expense of the people of India.

    Reply
  6. Amit Patel

    In Bengal, Mamata Banerjee is so frustrated with the rise of BJP that TMC goons have resorted to violence. She did not accord permission to BJP leaders to conduct poll rallies but still BJP is making inroads.

    Reply
  7. Hitesh Patel

    The issue is there is no one leader in opposition unity. It has been rightly said that if opposition comes together to form a government in centre we may have a new prime minister everyday.

    Reply
  8. Rahul Saha

    The biggest surprise of this election will be BJP’s performance in north-east, West Bengal and Orissa. Even if the party loses some seats in north, they will compensate in other territories.

    Reply
  9. Kaustubh Srikanth

    Even the electorate knows what is the fate of coalition governments. Since 1980s the country has seen many coalition governments that only took India many years back in terms of growth and inclusive development.

    Reply
  10. pavan joshi

    Opinion polls are out and they clearly indicate that the country has rejected dirty and dishonest campaign of opposition parties to unseat Modi. It seems Modi still has at least 10 years as prime minister.

    Reply
  11. vinayak sharma

    Rarely do I come across a blog that is both educative and amusing, and without a doubt,?you?ve hit the nail on the head.

    Reply
  12. Shivansh Gupta

    These are in fact enormous ideas in concerning blogging. You have touched some nice things here. Any way keep up writing.

    Reply
  13. Niranjan singh

    Thank you, I have just been looking for info about this subject for ages and yours is the best I have found out till now.

    Reply
  14. Priyansha Bannerji

    Great web site you have got here.. it is difficult to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I truly appreciate people like you. Take care..

    Reply
  15. Prakash kamat

    It is an honour to have a view of this website which has so much information for everyone.

    Reply
  16. Sakshi Agarwal

    I just want to say I am just all new to blogging and site-building and absolutely enjoyed this web site. Likely I want to bookmark your site . You actually come with amazing writings. Bless you for sharing your web page.

    Reply
  17. Abhishek Tandon

    Hi there, yeah this post is genuinely nice and I have learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging. thanks.

    Reply
  18. Graham Owaisi

    Thanks for sharing such a pleasant thought, post is nice, thats why i have read it entirely

    Reply
  19. Mann Singh

    It is hard to find experienced people for this subject,?but you seem like you know what you are talking about.

    Reply
  20. Tarun Thakur

    Very soon this web page will be famous among all blogging and site-building users, due to it is pleasant articles

    Reply
  21. Trapti Singhal

    Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts. Carry on the great work.

    Reply
  22. Kinshuk mech

    I wish to state my complements to the hard work you have done to incorporate so much of detail about every information.

    Reply
  23. Linson Kumar

    Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday. It is always interesting to read through content from other authors and practice something from their web sites.

    Reply
  24. Adarsh Sharma

    Hi there to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this web site, and your views are pleasant designed for new users.

    Reply
  25. Himanshi Rawat

    Hello, I am so happy I found your weblog. I am really appreciating the commitment you put into your site and in depth information you offer. This has been so particularly generous with people like you to supply openly all that most of us would have offered for sale for an e book in order to make some dough on their own, even more so seeing that you could possibly have tried it if you ever decided.

    Reply
  26. Akshit Jain

    Thanks for that, the site looks fantastic and I am sure will be a great service to both locals and visitors.

    Reply
  27. Karim mir

    I visit daily a few web sites and sites to read articles or reviews, however this blog provides feature based articles.

    Reply
  28. Arshi Khan

    Way cool. Some extremely valid points. I appreciate you writing?this post plus the rest of the website is really good.

    Reply
  29. Aakriti Vishal

    I need to to thank you for this wonderful read.. I certainly loved every little bit of it. I have got you book-marked to look at new stuff you post?

    Reply
  30. Saumil Seth

    You seem to be blessed with a perfect blend of good vocabulary and good writing. Thoroughly admired your work.

    Reply
  31. Purushottam Vir

    I started to read your article and it caught me to the extent that I could not put it down. Amazing piece.

    Reply
  32. Shankar Prasad Sana

    This is undoubtedly the most clean and clear form of writing that have seen so far. Congrats to attain this level.

    Reply
  33. Aayesha Jaishankar

    You definitely realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people should read this and understand this side of your story.

    Reply
  34. Prema Awasthi

    Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have really loved browsing your weblog posts. In any case I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I hope you write once more very soon.

    Reply
  35. Deepak Pratap

    I blog often and I really thank you for your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your website and keep checking for new information about once per week.

    Reply
  36. Abhinay Roddey

    What a beautifully drafted article which has all the important points still its not boring.

    Reply
  37. Aasrushi Deshta

    It is always exciting to read through articles from other authors and?use a little something from other sites.

    Reply
  38. Roohi Sharma

    Quality posts is the important to be a focus for the people to visit the web page, that is what this web site is providing.

    Reply
  39. Pravin gir

    I do not even know how I ended up here, however I assumed this publish was great. I do not recognize who you are however certainly you are going to a well-known blogger in the event you are not already. Cheers.

    Reply
  40. Prema Mishra

    After checking out a number of the blog articles on your site, I honestly like your technique of blogging.

    Reply
  41. Prakash Chopra

    My family always say that I am killing my time here at net, however I know I am getting know-how all the time by reading such good articles.

    Reply
  42. Suresh Nadi

    Can I just say what a relief to discover someone that actually understands what they are talking about over the internet. You definitely understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people really need to read this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you aren?t?more popular since you most certainly possess the gift.

    Reply
  43. Kamal Khan

    I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This paragraph posted at this site is actually good.

    Reply
  44. Aaliya Prajapati

    I was extremely pleased to find this web site. I need to to thank you for ones time due to this wonderful read.. I definitely really liked every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to look at new information on your website.

    Reply
  45. Bravo Scorpian

    Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely believe that this amazing site needs much more attention. I will probably be returning to read through more, thanks for the advice.

    Reply
  46. Anita KUMAR

    I have read so many posts about the blogger lovers however this paragraph is in fact a fastidious paragraph, keep it up.

    Reply
  47. Prabha Amrrutiya

    it is an amazing piece of writing designed for all the online visitors. they will get benefit from it I am sure.

    Reply
  48. Abhinav Misra

    This site definitely has all of the information and facts I needed concerning this subject and did not know who to ask.

    Reply
  49. Kartik Anupam

    I wanted to thank you for this fantastic read.. I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it. I have got you book marked to check out new stuff you post

    Reply
  50. Radha Rani

    Remarkable! Its actually remarkable piece of writing, I have got much clear idea on the topic of from this paragraph.|

    Reply
  51. Arpit Jain

    Good day. I am certainly happy I discovered it and I will be book-marking it and checking back frequently.

    Reply
  52. Sushila Saraswat

    I want to to thank you for this fantastic read.. I absolutely enjoyed every little bit of it.

    Reply

Leave a Reply to Akshit Banik Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *