The Constitution of India is principally federal with certain unitary features – Demanding unified endeavors from the Union and State Governments for collective prosperity of nation. Let us consider the performance of the past 10 years of the governance of United Progressive Alliance (UPA), a coalition of left political parties formed after the general elections of 2004. Absolute majority wasn’t won by either of the political parties, which led the UPA rely on the external support from regional political parties for ensuring that the Government maintains the confidence of the Indian Parliament. The first prominent withdrawal was witnessed on the 8th of July 2008 when the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) announced their discontinuance of support over the verdict of the Union Government to approve the Indo-U.S. Nuclear Deal (The question is wasn’t this deal in the interest of nation?). On numerous other occasions, which include quitting of the BSP on the 21st of June 2008, move of MDMK on the 16th of March 2007, and move of the People’s Democratic Party on 4th of January 2009, the nation witnessed the instability of the Government. Enumerated hereunder are the withdrawals that led to weakening the Union Government and slowing the pace of development.
- TRS, TelanganaRashtraSamiti led by K. Chandrashekhar Rao was the foremost party to quit the alliance when party’s president resigned from his Lok Sabha seat.
- MDMK tied a knot with AIADMK in the state elections of Tamil Nadu and declared its withdrawal on the 16th of March 2007.
- PattaliMakkalKatchi withdrew support in March 2009 and joined the AIADMK led front.
- Accusing the Andhra Pradesh Government of communal conduct, the AIMIM’s leader AsaduddinOwaisi quitted the alliance in 2012.
- Mamta Banerjee after sequences of yes and no finally withdrew support on the 18th of September 2012 stating that TMC would not favor hike in prices of diesel, and FDI in retail.
- Jharkhand VikasMorcha withdrew support in October 2012 claiming the same basis as TMC.
- Post the resignation of two MPs of DMK in 2012 due to severe charges of corruption, DMK moved from the UPA in March 2013.
Were all these moves for the benefit of the nation as a whole? The answer to this question isn’t that complicated. Mayawati accused the Government of misusing the Investigating Agency and attempting to implicate her in the Taj Corridor instance. Mehbooba Mufti opposed thesupport of the Congress for the National Conference Government in J&K-led by Omar Abdullah. Where is the interest of the common man of India? At the initial stage let us also consider the diversity and communal richness of the country. Considering all the linguistic, communal, and ethnic multiplicities, management is a tough task. Plus, with a few Islamic fundamentalists who hold their own perception about the religion and with the emergence of a new class of revolutionaries ‘the Maoists’, the idea of a secular constitution is at stake. Drafting and implementing of policies has become tougher as ever. When one set of people is looking forward to a policy that can control the ever-rising inflation and interest rates, another section of society hunts for reservation and subsidies – And above all is the reliance of the Union Government on the alliance partners. It is easy to conclude that the Union Government of a nation like India needs to be stringent and reasonable at the same time. Promoting the failures is effortless; however comprehending the underlying causes is hard. Post evaluating the deliveries of the UPA-led Union Government, we can spot the authentic bottlenecks.
One of these is the coalition of political parties with a motive to leading the state. Can anyone validate the instance when one of the coalition partners, Trinmool Congress led by Mamta Banerjee, prevented the Government from agreeing to share the water of the river Teesta with Bangladesh? The people of India are motivated to vote for pity interests while the bona fide interests of the nation are paid no heed to. The outcome is apparent. From the instances mentioned earlier, we can conclude that the Government at the centre has to rely on the support of regional political parties which employ illicit ways to extract funds and policies for a particular community/vicinity. To safeguard the Government, misuse of investigating agencies cannot also be overlooked. With the move of Trinmool Congress, the UPA had to rely extensively on the support of the Samajwadi Party led byMulayam Singh Yadav and the BahujanSamaj Party led byMayawati. Compromises and delays in the implementation of valuable policies are clear outcomes of this affiliation.
Let’s now talk about some visible solutions. In the interest of the nation as a whole, the structure and foundation of the Union Government has to be sturdy. To welcome constructive reforms, people have to acknowledge the fact that developmentfollows stability. To allow the Government take swift decisions and implement measures that can bring in all-inclusive prosperity; we have to move away from our pity personal/communal interests. Regional parties that are backed by the support of a particular caste/religion should not be allowed to hamper the permanence of the Government at the centre. A voter must keep in mind that the Lok Sabha Polls take into consideration the entire of the diversity of nation – A stable Government can surely take quick and effective measures for the promotion of all castes and religions. Shouldn’t we allow the UPA and its young leaders to prove their ability to lead the nationwith our full-fledged support? The sooner we understand, the better we get.